Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Morality Legislation Essays - Ethics, Morality, Meta-ethics

Profound quality Legislation Can we, do we, and should we enact ethical quality is an inquiry that rings in the ears of numerous Americans. It appears that there are more factors, conditions and answers to this every now and again posed inquiry than the basic individual is willing to consider. We should endeavor to take the best thoughts from the top researchers on the issue. So as to respond to the inquiries introduced, one should completely comprehend the thought of ethical quality and legislating it. What is profound quality? Agreeing to Webster, ethical quality is A tenet or arrangement of good lead: or specific moral standards or rules of lead: or adjustment to beliefs of human lead. This definition leaves a lot to be replied, for example, Who sets up this framework? Is it comparative with ones individual inclinations? Furthermore, would morality be able to be constrained on a person? To additionally comprehend profound quality let us examine it in more detail. Is profound quality family member? What laws would be viewed as laws of profound quality? Could a popularity based nation think about profound quality while composing laws? To bargain with the topic of relativism we will go to the works of Dr. Stephen Schwarz, who is a clinical specialist and an author for Ohio Life, a non-benefit master life association. While reacting to the possibility that individuals ought not force their profound quality on others Dr, Schwarz answered, The ethical quality of not assaulting, and of not killing a kindred person isn't my profound quality orour ethical quality however profound quality itself. This suggests there is an total profound quality, perhaps we are not equipped for accomplishing it, however it appears that the ill defined situation among white and dark isn't as extensive as most would trust. Presently on to the following inquiry of: What precisely comprises profound quality? We have as of now talked about that ethical quality isn't relative and sooner or later gets total. C.S. Lewis gives an inside and out investigates of ethical quality in his book Simple Christianity he discusses profound quality being the main factor between the sense to help or then again the sense to run. He additionally examines the possibility that ethical quality isn't relative also, raises the way that we judge different societies by how we rate their level of ethical quality. For example on the off chance that profound quality is relative, at that point nobody could have told the Nazi's that they weren't right. So along these lines the legislature has just set a point of reference that ethical quality isn't relative, they have decided to pass judgment on other nations and in doing this they infer that their profound quality is better. To start with, let us attempt to promote our comprehension of the issue by evaluating what Eastern Understudies and personnel needed to state about it. An overview of 50 understudies and staff directed nearby demonstrated that 52% of those surveyed felt that profound quality couldn't be melodramatically administered, while 48% said that ethical quality could be enacted. The make up of this review was as per the following: normal age 19.8, 70% female: 30% male, 72% white: 20% African American: 3% Hispanic: 5% not revealed. 40% of those surveyed were Republicans while just 16% were Democrats, an immense 36% of understudies were uncertain on a political alliance and 8% were independents. The vast majority of those surveyed said the idea Congress attempted to enact profound quality yet fizzled. The study demonstrated that on a size of 1-10 Congress just got a 4.1 when solicited to rate the profound quality from Congress. This would appear to clarify why they thought Congress passed shameless bills. Be that as it may, truth be told in the event that one ganders at the history of the Congress and mulls over what number of bills are passed by them, not many could be marked as indecent. Truth be told what a great many people see as the government passing shameless laws is the Supreme Court discovering moral laws unlawful. The vast majority bunch the three parts of government together what's more, state that the administration is shameless. Be that as it may, we are concentrating just on Congress and in the event that it is conceivable to enact profound quality. In our majority rule agent government Congress has regularly been approached to make laws that must be seen enactment of profound quality. The main inquiry close by is: Can Congress enact ethical quality? Most specialists in the field of law and governmental issues concur that it is conceivable to pass bills to make individuals moral or possibly constrain them to act in an ethical manner. At the end of the day it is conceivable to enact ethical quality. In any case, one must surrender that nobody is totally good, that is nobody is continuously good. As Dr. Fowl, an Eastern College educator with a vocation in The Christian Medical Society, said

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Thailand Financial Crisis free essay sample

Looks at the small scale and large scale monetary, political and social factors that added to the Thai budgetary emergency of 1997-8. Talks about trade rates, size and transparency, expansion, wage rates, money related segment advancement, national bank and versatility of ca Presentation: Situation Overview On June 27, 1997, the money service of Thailand, alongside the Bank of Thailand, that countries national bank, reported that exercises of sixteen budgetary and protections firms were to be suspended for thirty days, and guided the disturbed firms to discover merger accomplices. After five days a further and emotional advance was taken: Finance Minister Tanong Bhidaya proclaimed that the Thai national bank would no longer help the baht, the Thai cash, at its fixed swapping scale of 24.45 bahts to the dollar. The underlying response of worldwide budgetary onlookers was sure. On July 10, the regarded Far Eastern Economic Review revealed these improvements under the feature Free finally, with a caption announcing that Thailand glides the baht, starts money related area tidy up (Vatikiotis, 1997a, 70). We will compose a custom paper test on Thailand Financial Crisis or on the other hand any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page As per

Sunday, August 16, 2020

Facing Rejection

Facing Rejection I’ve gotten so many of these emails by now, I don’t even have to read past the first line to know what’s coming next. They generally begin with, “Due to a record number of applicants…” soon followed by “we regret to inform you.” Those of you who’ve survived the college admissions process know what I’m talking about. It’s the email or letter that everyone dreads receiving. Sometimes it comes as a shock, and other times, it confirms that inner doubt you carried all along. Either way, rejection stings. Unfortunately, rejection is something we will routinely face throughout our lives. This semester, alone, I was rejected from joining clubs (yes, you can be rejected from a club), academic programs, and multiple internships that Ive applied to. And despite knowing that we live in a competitive world, and that I tried my best, I was still left with a feeling of deep-seated disappointment and ultimately, exhaustion. Coincidentally, the only thing that made me feel better was thinking about my previous failures. I thought back to 7th grade, when I was failing  algebra and it seemed like a lost cause, and now here I am majoring in Finance. Or when I experienced my first real heartbreakâ€"because that’s a form of rejection, tooâ€"and I thought I’d never get over it, but with time, I moved on. gif from tumblr Thinking back to all of these crucial moments reminded that I’d already faced rejection so many times. Who’s to say that I couldn’t face it again? So if you got rejected from your dream school or job, take it as a humbling experience and carry on. Im right there with you. We all have our own lists of failures, embarrassments, cringe-worthy life moments, etc. And the truth is, we’ll spend the rest of our lives adding to that collection…but maybe that’s not a bad thing. No matter where you are in life right now, know that you’ll be rejected. And when you are rejected, hold onto that feeling and channel it into something else. Hopefully when you look back, you aren’t haunted by all of your prior failures, but rather, reminded of all the hurdles you’ve overcome. If you don’t feel like reading this whole post, here are some quotes I thought were relevant: “Remember that not getting what you want is sometimes a wonderful stroke of luck.” Dalai Lama Failure is just a resting place. It is an opportunity to begin again more intelligently.    Henry Ford Achievement seems to be connected with action. Successful men and women keep moving. They make mistakes but they don’t quit.  Conrad Hilton “I’ve missed more than 9,000 shots in my career. I’ve lost almost 300 games. 26 times I’ve been trusted to take the games winning shot and missed. I’ve failed over and over and over again in my life and thats why I succeed.”   Michael Jordan Ria Class of 2018 I'm studying both Finance and Information Systems and Information Technology in the Gies College of Business. I’m from Los Altos, California.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Code Of Ethics Within Policing - 1018 Words

As we are all aware, many institutions have their own code of ethics. But a question some might ask is, what is a code of ethics? Code of ethics set out the values that reinforce the code and will describe a company’s obligation to its stakeholders. The code is available to the public and can be addressed to anyone who shows interest in the company’s activities and how that company does business. The purpose of this paper is to compare a code of ethics from another institution outside of policing, with a code of ethics within policing. The following is the code of ethics between the York Regional Police and The Canadian Nurses Association. The York Regional Police Service, formed on January 1, 1971, is consisted of 14 municipal police†¦show more content†¦By 1924, each of the nine provinces had a provincial nurse’s organization with membership in CNATN, and in that year, the national group changed its name to the Canadian Nurses Association.† (CNA) (Mary Agnes, 1908-2008 Canadian Nurses Association: One Hundred Years of Service). The code of ethics between the York Regional Police and Canadian Nursing Association vary and do not have a lot of similar traits. A couple of similar traits that both professions hold is that neither the York Regional Police nor the Canadian Nurses Association can discriminate, regardless of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, gender, age, mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation. Nurses require core ethical responsibilities and are expected to uphold. Nurses are accountable for these ethical responsibilities in their professional relationships with individuals, families, groups, populations, communities, and colleagues. The York Regional Police are guided by the values of the service which include our people, community, integrity, leadership, accountability, competence and teamwork. Although they are worded differently, the last point stated above, show similarities. It shows that each position held, rather it be a police officer or a nurse, has a responsibility, may it be to protect the public or to protect someone’s life.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

To Build or Buy a Small Business Essay examples - 2047 Words

402 Small Business Professor, Ricardo Toye | To Build or Buy | Week 4 Assignment 1 | Cornelius Gaskins 1/22/2013 | Craft a brief (1-2 pages) strategy for a business concept that would directly compete with the small business you selected. Explain the rationale for the strategy in detail. â€Å"It Bakes Good,† with a delicious flavor that is sure to please. Watching customer’s satisfaction is the goal. Developing a Bakery as a counter business with a competitive strategy to navigate through barriers set up by existing Bakeries is the plan at hand. The initial bakery is deals with pastries, breads, croissants and coffee, teas and other beverages. This†¦show more content†¦The usage of the current customers has an appeal since the current business operations has been consistent on the profit where the purchasing of inventory and the cash register receipts have indicated. The lack of similar Bakery businesses in the general area continue to be a plus for the location and buying the existing Bakery would limit competition for awhile. Considering remodeling cost, purchase price as opposed to starting a new business cost buying the existing business appears to be a better financial bargain. For the existing business the baking and dishwashing equipment are in satisfactory working order. The purchasing a grill to prepare food has a reasonable cost and the food prep area is already in place. The dinning area will require the purchase of tables and chairs that would have to be bolted to the floor during remodeling. Comparing the requirements for initiating a new business as opposed to buying an existing business, the buying of the existing business has the better appeal based on how the later is up and running. While the new business has some hurdles may exist as far as the condition of theShow MoreRelatedAdvantages of Starting Up a Business1109 Words   |  5 PagesAdvantages of Starting up a Business * Being your own Boss  - you can make your own decisions, keep your own time and not have to answer to The Boss * Hard Work amp; Know How  - If you are a hard worker and / or have immense industry know how, you may want to benefit from the long hours you do or the knowledge that you have acquired over time. * Financial Independence  - One day, you may realise your dream of financial independence * Creative Freedom  - no more restrictions, youRead MoreAnalysis Of Geoffrey B. Small Is Big On Quality, Customers, Community970 Words   |  4 PagesCase Study 1.2 â€Å"Geoffrey B. Small is Big on Quality, Customers, Community† is about a leading fashion designer that does not want his customers to think about the brand name, color, style or price of the fabrics they wear. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hod 1000 Mid-Term Study Guide Free Essays

HOD 1000 Midterm Study Guide 2. 28. 12 Tips: 1 Know Lecture 2 Know how they are applicable 3 Know Lemme 4 Take the test carefully †¦50 multiple choice questions a. We will write a custom essay sample on Hod 1000 Mid-Term Study Guide or any similar topic only for you Order Now Underline the important words like: i. â€Å"All,† â€Å"Nothing† or â€Å"None†Lemme * Look for models on development * Models for Understanding Development * Trait Model * Be aware of what the 5 traits mean * â€Å"Openness† and â€Å"Agreeableness† Self Identity 3 things determine importance of Memories: 1 Frequency a How often something occurs 2 Duration 3 Intensity Internal Working Model: The internal working model is how we view/what we believe about ourselves, others and the world. It influences what we expect of and from ourselves, others and the world in general and directs how we respond. It begins to form as soon as we are born and is based on experiences with others and the outcomes of our efforts. An infant that experiences frequent abuse or neglect can develop a negative internal working model that â€Å"says† no one cares about me, I am unlovable, people who are suppose to love me only hurt or reject me, it doesn’t matter what I do or say it is ineffective or not good enough, I an’t trust people as one time they are nice and the next time they are mean. etc. If this â€Å"model† of self, others and the world and how things work is not corrected the result may be a child or adult that has low self-esteem, is overly dependent or independent, overreacts to situations, sabotages relationships, jobs and/successes, gives up easily, etc. Or an infant that receives consistent, responsive, attuned nurturing from his/her caregivers is most likely to develop a positive internal working model. SocioCultural Current ———— Beliefs ——– Goals ——— Strategies Life Experience (affects them all) Beliefs In: I. Self * Concepts * What you think of yourself as a whole * Efficacy * Confidence in what you do * Esteem * How you feel about yourself, as in self-worth * The more esteem you have, the more efficacy you have * Not true, typically in the African-American population; based on discrimination * Strong in-group/out-group bias can contribute to low self-efficacy II. Others 3 Domains: 1 All People 2 Groups of People 3 Specific Individuals III. World 1 Overall Views 2 Explanation of outcomes 3 Making sense of the world, making cause and effect relationships Goals 4 Domains: Physical Well-Being a Desire for safety, comfort and pleasure 2 Personal Competence b Desire for significance and success 3 Relational Closeness c Desire for friendship, love, and acceptance 4 Self-Transcendence d Desire for meaning and a lasting contribution to the world, or whatever you deem necessary e [Mitch Albom (Tuesdays with Morrie) is missing the Self-Transcendence] Strategies 4 domains: 1 Affect Re gulation a Coping with anxiety, emotions 2 Interpersonal Skills b Active listening, etc 3 Problem Solving 4 Task Management Schema * This is how you organize data in the world 2 ways of using that information: 1 Assimilation a Putting the new information into already-existing categories b Always try to assimilate over accommodate 2 Accommodation c When you have to change your schema to fit the new information * Equilibration is * A sense of cognitive harmony or balance * People desire this, to bring (or keep) their system in order. If not: * Disequilibration results * The major impetus for cognitive development; info inconsistent with our existing worldview disrupts equilibration, placing us in an unpleasant cognitive state (conflict, dissonance, inconsistency) Cognitive Functioning Self-Concepts: * Closure * Permanence * Once you figure something out, you stay that way. * Urgency (associated with Permanence) Bio-Psycho-Social-Spiritual Dimensions of Goals MEMORIZE IT | Needs| Desires| Fears| Physical Well-Being| Safety Security| Health, comfort, pleasure| Death, pain, suffering| Personal Competence| Esteem| Power, success, accomplishments| Helplessness, inadequacy, failure| Relational Closeness| Belonging| Friendship, love, intimacy| Rejection, engulfment| Self-Transcendence| Purpose| Generativity, service, God| Hopelessness, meaninglessness| From Lemme Equation for Self-Esteem: Self-Esteem = Self Concept / Ideal Self Difference between Reliability and validity (pg. 13) Reliablity * Consistency or stability over time * Will the results obtained be consistent if the study is done again, or are they influence by some fluctuating factor, such that we cannot arrive at the same findings in all similar situations? * Problems with reliability must be resolved in order to have confidence in findings Validity * The degree to which your experimental results can be applied to external population Terms that connect directly to things in lecture: * Looking Glass Self * Take others’ perceptions of you to formulate your own self concept Generalized Other (p 78) * We begin to take the perspective of society and its values and expectations in judging ourselves; * Basically, incorporating societal standards into our sense of self Erikson’s 8 Stages of Development 1 Trust vs. Mistrust (0-1) 2 Autonomy vs. Doubt (1-3) 3 Initiat ive vs. Guilt (3-6) 4 Industry vs. Inferiority (6-11) 5 Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-20) Related to one’s commitment to occupation, religious beliefs and political ideology and whether or not those commitments have been made after a period of exploration or crisis b James Marcia added the domains of gender-role attitudes and beliefs about sexual expression 6 Intimacy vs. Isolation (20-40) c Developing capacity for close intimate relationships without losing one’s sense of self d Dependent on the existence of a solid identity (previous stage) e In not resolved, leads to loneliness and isolation 7 Generativity vs. Self-Absorption (40-65) A concern for future generations and society as a whole g Midlife transition h Psychological origins are in adolescence and young adulthood i Periodic longing for meaning and purpose that is outward focused and which occurs throughout adolescence and adulthood 8 Integrity vs. Despair (65+) j Integrity refers to the ability to look bac k over life with satisfaction and little or no regrets i Acceptance of death ii Saying goodbye to loved ones iii Finishing the â€Å"race† with dignity k Despair include bitterness and regret over life There is a sense of fear and despair as one approaches m 4 types of Generativity: Articles * Why the Self is Empty * What does Media/Advertising suggest people use to fill up their empty self? – Consumption of material goods – Psychotherapy * Emerging Adulthood * Extending Education * Marriage Late * Increased Life Expectancy The Forgotten Half  · Who comprises the Forgotten Half? Coherent Life 1. Meaningful a. Goal domain: Self Transcendence b. Strategies: Increase Generativity (from Erikson’s 8 stages) 2. Comprehensible 3. Manageable I. Identity Development Lecture Critical Models to Understand Alternatives 1. Bronfenbrenner’s Systems Theory a. In the Middle you have you, then the MicroSystem (tend to be Dyadic); next Meso, interaction between the domains (the way work environment affects your home environment, visa versa); then, EXOsystem (things that influence your microsystems; might not have direct influence though); Lastly, MACROsystem: Society, how it has scripts, norms, blueprints for how things should go 2. Levinson b. Know what the major stages are and their ORDER c. Although, exact age questions will probably not be in the exam d. Don’t spend too much time, initially, on this 3. Marsha e. Diffusion—no commitment, no crisis, not acknowledging a problem f. Fore closure—comittment, but not crisis—you’ve taken a value someplace else. This is the way things are. An uncritical acceptance of a value or belief. g. Moratorium—crisis, no commitment. You’re evaluating beliefs and values you have. If you want to keep them or find others. Achievement—commitment and crisis. You can be critical of beliefs goals and values without it affecting your identity h. 2 Forces acting on you are: i. Crisis ii. Commitment . Understand the characteristics of people in each of those stages; be able to place a described person into one of those stages and know how you can move them 4. Erikson’s 8 Stages of Development i. Throughout a lifetime, each person moves through the 8 stages j. Movement from one to another is based on a crisis or a conflict; k. If not, you get stuck in that stage and can’t move on l. Arguments against it: iii. It’s generalized m. Attachment Styles iv. - —-Avoidant (Detached)——- Secure (Differentiated)—– Anxious/Ambivalent [(Dif)fused]- - n. Stress brings out one of these two undesirable qualities v. Securely Attached-Healthy relationships, trust people but not naive about it vi. Differentiated 5. TRAIT Model p 67 o. Know what traits are generally about p. Collectivism v. Individualism vii. Collectivism-Little individual thought, for the good of the group and not necessarily for the good of the person. Chinese Society viii. Individualism-Individualist Society. American Society ix. Fits into the MACROsystem section of Systems Theory Emerging Adulthood Detached/Avoidant——Differentiated/Secure—–Diffused/Anxious-Ambiv. Family Systems Lecture 1. Life Forces: a. Differentiation: Begin independent, making yourself different from people around you b. Togetherness: Fitting in v. Standing Out c. Pseudo Self-Extremes: Detached, Diffused d. A lot of significance of close and family relationships 2. Family Roles (Chart with lecture notes is great! ): e. Hero, First-Born: Fear of failure; over-controlled f. Scapegoat, 2nd Born: Fear of rejection, shame, Wants to stand out from oldest, Tend to lean to the avoidant side of the scale g. Lost Child-Middle child syndrome, Unable to express feelings, Witness the battle between siblings and parents, Introverted h. Mascot: Youngest, Hides pain with humor, immature, feels inadequate, Instead of withdrawing from tension, they try to ease it with humor, More anxious ambivalent 3. Influences on Family System i. Direct: Parents yell at you j. Indirect: Watching parents yell at sibling k. Reciprocal: The way you affect your parents; influence never goes one way i. As you’re being yelled at by your parents, the way you respond impacts your parents 2 Types of Anxiety . Chronic: Ongoing, Nagging feeling that something will go wrong or that you’re just wrong in general, Produced in family systems with a lot of conflict, Pushes you to either be fused or avoidant 2. Acute: Limited; normal, Will disappear with the not-so-serious situation, Ways to Bind Anxiety 1. Healthy: Exercising, talking to someone, using reflective skills 2. Unhealthy: Eating disorders, physical ma nifestations of symptoms (headaches, stomach aches) Highly Differentiated People: Secure, self-directed, Responsible for self What is a Triangle: Basic way to look at a relationship is a dyad; but when instability occurs, there’s a tendency to bring in a 3rd party. Using them, directly, to diffuse the problem is a bad thing Ways to De-Triangle 1. Emotionally Neutral, Supportive, Active Listening, Facilitating Problem Solving, Encouragement a. Worse thing to do: â€Å"Oh, let me talk to them FOR you. † 2. Active Listening, Paraphrasing, Repeat some of their claims back to them to help them understand, Probing, Asking questions to do a bit more door opening Cognitive Distortions Check Bainey for:  · Listening Skill Clusters  · Barriers to Active Listening HOD 1000 Review Session * Memorization and application * Achieved in their identity vs. centrally attached * How to apply the lecture material * Don’t spend too much time on ageism * Model for understanding development is more important—trait model! * 50 MCQ * Look out for â€Å"not† * Underline important words: all, nothing, not * If talking about mom, maybe it has to do with attachment * Memorize 5 traits: what they refer to. What does openness mean? Don’t need to know all 7 measurements of openness. What’s the difference between agreeable and openness? First 3 lectures, questions * Self and Identity * The Internal Working Model!!! * Socio-cultural * Current beliefs, goals, strategiesactions=Life Experience * Past experiences-3 things determine importance * Frequency * Duration * Intensity * They determine how much previous experiences have a bearing on goals, beliefs, strategies. Beliefs=self, others and the world * Self: concept, efficacy, esteem Concept what you think of yourself as a whole, esteem how you feel about yourself/self-worth, efficacy is confidence in what you can do * More esteem, more efficacy you have except in the African-American population—due to discrimination * Strong in group-out group bias, you can develop high self-worth within group, but negative stereotypes in environment and their impact on opportunities affects efficacy * Others: people in general, groups of people, individuals * World: overall view, explanation of outcomes (making sense of the world, cause and effect relationships, predicting/avoiding events) * Goals=physical well-being, personal competence, relational closeness, self-transcendence. Mitch is missing self-transcendence * Strategies=affect regulations (dealing with emotions), interpersonal skills, problem-solving, task management * Schema * That’s how you organize knowledge about the world. You have to put all the knowledge you’ve taken in * Assimilation and accommodation Assimilation—Putting new info into existing categories * People prefer this/to keep things way they are. Equilibrium * Cognitive dissonance—things don’t fit together—desire equilibration and order * Accom—change your schema * Self-Concept page 82 Out of cognitive function people seek closure, permanence, and urgency * Know the 4 goal domains—needs, desires, fears related to them (physical well-being, bio, pscyho someth ing) * Equation for self-esteem=self-concept/ideal self * Difference between reliability and validity p. 13 * Looking glass self and generalized other –they connect directly to stuff in the lecture * Re-read the empty self People use media, advertising, etc to fill up the empty self, psychotherapy, goods * A coherent life: meaningful, comprehensible, and manageable * Strategies to conduct a meaningful life: generativty vs. self-absorption (Erikson) * Reflection, comprehensible (can you understand world around you in a way there’s peace) Lecture 2 Identity Development * Bronfrenbrenner * You in the middle surrounded by microsystem of didactic relationships (any people you interact with on a day-to-day level directly) * Outside of this is meso—interaction between different domains. Way you work environment affects home environment. Microsystems are interacting. Noisy roommatecranky in class * Exo system—things that influence your microsystems—might not have direct interaction with. CEO and mail room person. * Macro system—society has blueprints * Levinson—know the major stages and its order * Unlikely it’ll be age, but who knows * Marsha 2 forces acting on you are crisis and commitment * Understand the characteristics of people here—if you were given a person as example know how to place them * Foreclosuremoratorium. A big event could challenge their beliefs and they haven’t resolved it yet * Need to be able to move between models * Erikson’s 8 stages of development p. 48 Lemme Throughout life, each person moves through stages * Movement from one to another is based on a crisis or conflict * If you don’t, you get stuck and can’t move on * Critiques: it’s generalized, there’s no general frame for development * Attachment styles The strange situation experimen t * Avoidant—secure—-anxious ambivalent * Stress brings out one of these two undesirable characteristics * Securely attached—healthy relationships/balance, differentiated * Avoidant=detached, secure=differentiated, anxious ambivalent=fused * P. 67 trait model—know what traits are generally about * Collectivism vs. individualism * Operates in the macro system Emerging adulthood—why is adulthood emerging later in people now? * Extended education, marriage later, increased life expectancy, etc. * The forgotten half—who are they? Why are they left, what are the implications * No trigger word for his mom—always been that way means it’s probably a trait Lecture 3 Family Systems * What are the two life forces operating? Differentiation and togetherness * Differentiation—being independent, making yourself different from people around you * Togetherness—fitting in vs. standing out * Pseudo self=extremes. Detached, fused * A lot of significance of close and family relationships * 4 family roles—hero, scape goat, lost child, mascot Lost child—quiet, observant, inwardly focused, sees battle between hero and scapegoat. Goes into it but doesn’t get involved. * Mascot—instead of withdrawing, they try to ease it with humor—probs more anxious * See lecture notes * 3 kinds of influence—direct, indirect, and reciprocal * Parents yell at you, watching them yell at your siblings, as you’re being yelled at the way you respond impacts your parents * 2 types of anxiety—chronic and acute * Chronic anxiety produced in systems with a lot of conflict and that pushes you to be fused or detached * Cognitive distortions! Over gen, mind reading, all or nothing * Binding techniques for anxiety Unhealthy—alcohol, drugs, cutting, eating disorders, headaches/stomach aches, ways you respond to anxiety * Healthy—exercising, talking about it, reflecting, taking a nap, * List of things that highly differentiated people are in the lecture notes * Need to know them! * Triangle * Two people have a conflict and go to a third person to diffuse tension * Instability in that relationbringing someone else in to use them directly is unhealthy * 5 components of DE triangulating * Emotional neutrality—don’t take sides * Being supportive * Active listening * Facilitating problem-solving * Encouragement—resolve within the dyad * â€Å"let me talk to them for you† NO wrong meh * Paraphrasing and probing—repeating back what was said and asking questions * Baney listening skill clusters and barriers to active listening Jesse never calls home doesn’t want to explain grade afraid of disappointing them * Both chronic and acute * Which of these is not a way ppl try to bind anxiety—using drugs, over studying, hanging out with friends, alcohol,, none of the above, b and c * Answer was none of the above– Ladder of inference Race and ethnicity—difference in way Martia’s identity status is organized Healthy outcome for achievement of minority—bicultural achievement—learning to adapt to different situations as a protective measure. Others should embrace equality and differences. Diffusion and foreclosuremoratoriumachievement Categorization and identification * Automatic, based on stereotypes, includes a prototype How to cite Hod 1000 Mid-Term Study Guide, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Discuss the effectiveness of the opening of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands Essay Example For Students

Discuss the effectiveness of the opening of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands Essay In this essay I will examine the dramatic and cinematographic devices used in the opening of Edward Scissorhands to create an effective introduction. The scenes are those up to and including the meeting of the main characters Peg and Edward  In the opening scenes, Tim Burton sets out the moral message of the film. In making Edward Scissorhands he intended to deflate the American Dream, exposing the rotten core of society that hides beneath a pretty fade. This is achieved by establishing two conflicting worlds inhabited by people who are the opposite of each other. The theme of the two worlds is at its most both prominent here and at the end of the film when the suburban world trespasses into the forbidden world of the mansion. The town, as we see early on, looks superficially pretty and neat with each boxy bungalow sitting in a featureless garden almost identical to the next. Nothing stands out as individual and the only dwelling that differs from the rest is the mansion, which is shunned by all. As Peg visits each house the audience sees different social inadequacies through the behaviour of each housewife. The director uses these to subtly show us what is wrong with society; we are slovenly, immoral, uncaring and even fanatical. The mansion, on the other hand, looks scary and imposing from the outside and looms over suburbia like a threatening storm, but as the audience is introduced to Edward, they see that he is not a monster or a killer but a childlike boy in need of love. These inside-outside opposites embody the other main ethical message of the story, that conformity is not always good and being different doesnt make you a bad person. The opening scenes also establish important information including the introduction of two of the three principal characters; establishment of many of the moods, tones and genres used later in the film; and establishment of the location and period. Location and period are almost immaterial because even though it is set in 1960s suburban America, the message is still relevant today. For instance, it would still be as powerful and relevant if it were set in present day London. One thing that the location and time period chosen give the film is a stronger sense of comedy, because the 60s was an era of garish colours and fashions that often bordered on the farcical. For example, later in the film, when Edward cuts all the womens hair, he creates such outlandish styles that the audience would laugh at them, but the housewives all think that theyre the height of fashion and they all want a similar haircut. The drive to conform is also illustrated when Edward does a topiary of Pegs family so the whole neighbourhood wants one too. Soon there is nothing special about topiary either. The genres introduced in the opening scenes are diverse, encompassing horror, fantasy, fairytale and comedy. The more profound genres of tragedy and romance emerge and develop later, when guilt, sympathy and sadness are used to drive home Tim Burtons point. The non-conformist use of contrasting genres such as horror and comedy, fantasy and romance helps to put across the message by making sure the film is so surreal that the audience does not believe it but spends more time thinking about the moral. The ways that the different characters are introduced are closely associated with location and are very influential in establishing our instinctive attitude towards them. The locations defined in the opening scenes create a relationship between the characters in the story. At first we get an eerie feeling from the surreal montage of images with no characters to relate to, and when we see a long shot of the mansion it seems dark and forbidding. .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 , .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .postImageUrl , .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 , .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804:hover , .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804:visited , .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804:active { border:0!important; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804:active , .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804 .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u88daae974541374344b4f64fc22e9804:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: How does Shakespeare present the role of women in the play "The Winter's Tale" EssayThe reverse zoom to the cosy grandmothers cottage and the transition from blue and white into colour give the feeling of travelling in perception from the surreal and scary to the comfort of familiarity. The interior of the cottage feels warm and inviting because of the crackling fire and the intimate family relationship. Here Kim is introduced as a grandmother, with her granddaughter dwarfed by the immense bed. The audience instantly feels positively towards them because of their environment and the obvious love between them. Kims introduction of Edwards plight ensures that the audience is sympathetic towards him when he appears later. The audience is personified by Kims granddaughter as she is told the bedtime story. Their role is to be taught an ethical lesson not to judge by appearances or reject difference by being shown an allegory of their society and being made to judge it.  From the cottage window the mansion on the hill looms over the town, setting the relationship between it and suburbia. The aerial shot over the suburbs feels distant because the audience only catch fleeting glimpses of the houses and they see the setting without being part of it. The loneliness of the mansion is portrayed by the shot we see of Edward silently gazing out over suburbia. Only the pallid, neglected, childlike part of him is shown, raising the level of sympathy even more The sudden cut to a bright daytime street scene in the suburbs previously flown over at night properly establishes the town and gives the feeling of looking at normality. The next time the camera approaches the mansion is through Peg in a real car rather than a surreal flight. This gives a sense of revisiting a familiar place. The night shots introduce the three main parts of the film, swooping between each one, and the sudden cut to daytime suburbia signals the beginning of the tale. Because she is the first person the camera follows in the tale, the audience feels attached to Peg and empathises with her. Peg is a misfit amongst the town women, who are all morally flawed. When she finds Edward all alone and vulnerable, her desire to love and be loved makes her want to take him in and care for him. Peg is naive and has a simplistic outlook. Her way of walking and her gentle childish voice make her seem quite vulnerable, especially when she is walking through the mansion, a tiny spot of jolly pastel lilac in amidst a huge expanse of grey and blue. The horror genre is offset by Pegs chirpy one-liners. Her vulnerability seems to prepare us for a confrontation between a victim Peg and a menacing Edward, but in fact the relationship is inverted, with Peg having the upper hand. It is symbolic that her reaction to Edwards scars is to offer him make up because cosmetics are all about hiding blemishes with illusion, just like the deceptive neatness of the town.